History of Ubuntu

The 8 of July of 2004, Mark Shuttleworth and the company Canonical Ltd. announced the creation of the Ubuntu distribution. This one had an initial financing of 10 million dollars (US$). The project was born on the initiative of some programmers of the Debian projects, Gnome because they were disappointed with the way to operate of the Debian project, the Linux distribution without spirit of more popular profit of the world.

In agreement with its founders, Debian was a too bureaucratic project where defined responsibilities did not exist and where any interesting proposal suffocated in a sea of discussions. Also, Debian did not put emphasis in stabilizing the development of its versions of test and it only provided audits of security to his stable version, which was used only by a minority due to the little or null use that it owned in terms of the present Linux technology.

After forming a multidisciplinary group, the programmers decided to look for the financial support of Mark Shuttleworth, a South African entrepreneur who sold the Thawte company to Verisign, four years after founding it on the garage of their address, by 575 million American dollars.

Shuttleworth saw with affection the project and decided to turn it into a self-sustaining initiative, combining its experience in the creation of new companies with the talent and the experience of the programmers of the Linux platform. From this form the Canonical company was born, which is in charge economically to maintain to the project by means of the commercialization of services and technical support to other companies. While the programmers armed the system, Shuttleworth took advantage of the occasion to apply a small campaign of marketing research to wake up interest in “the distribution-without-name� (in English: the not-yam-distro).
After several months of work and a brief period of tests, the first version of Ubuntu (Warty Warthog) was sent the 20 of October of 2004.


Each launching of Ubuntu owns a code name, as also a version number based on the year and the month of the launching. For example, version 5.04 was sent in April (04) of 2005 (5). Each version of Ubuntu is sent with six months of difference with respect to the last launching, although the launching of version 6.06 was delayed more than six months, because Canonical Ltd. wanted to develop a distribution to which outside possible to give to technical support during three years in the writing-desk and five years in the servant.

Canonical provides with technical support and updates of the security for the majority of the versions of Ubuntu during 18 months, as of the date of the launching. At the moment three versions of Ubuntu exist that count on technical support: the version 6.06 LTS (Long term support), 6.10 version and version 7.04.

Version Date of launching Code name Aim of the technical support New features
4.10 20 of October of 2004 Warty Warthog 30 of April of 2005 - First launching
- Support for x86, x86-64 and PowerPC
- Service of shipment of cds
5.04 8 of April of 2005 Hoary Hedgehog 31 of October of 2006 - Inclusion of update-manager/upgrade-notifier
- Compatibility with Kickstart
- Improved the support for portable
5.10 13 of October of 2005 Breezy Badger April of 2007 - Bar of progress in the load of the system (USplash)
- Support for installation OEM -
- GCC 4.0
6,06 LTS 1 of June of 2006 Dapper Drake 2009 (desktop) June and June of 2011 (server) - First in being distributed in a single CD installable the Live-CD versions and
6.10 26 of October of 2006 Edgy Eft April of 2008 - Upstart
- Automatic report of errors
7.04 19 of April of 2007[9] Feisty Fawn October of 2008 - Assistant of migration
- Installation of codec and drivers proprietors
- Gnome Control Center
- Writing materialses
- Easy configuration of wireless networks (WPA supported)
- It is officially let give support for PowerPC
7.10 18 of October of 2007[10] Gutsy Gibbon April of 2009 - Graphical effects by defect
- Unheeded installation
- Click'N'Run options

Plans exist to send a branch of Ubuntu under the code name “Grumpy Groundhog�, which has still not made available the public. It is planned that it will be a permanently unstable branch for development and tests.

Long Term Support

The version 6.06 LTS, whose code name is “Dapper Drake�, is the first launching of technical support in the long term (in English Long Term Support) of Ubuntu. The main characteristic of launchings LTS is that they will count on updates of technical support and software packages paid during three years in surroundings and five years in servant on the part of Canonical, unlike the other launchings of Ubuntu.

Ubuntu 6,06 LTS initially included GNOME 2,14, Mozilla Firefox, 2.0.2, Xorg 7,0, GCC 4.0.3, and version 2.6.15 of the Linux nucleus. The first launching of maintenance was the version 6.06.1, the one that appeared the 10 of August of 2006, and still it is distributed next to more recent launchings.

Present launching

The recent version is the 7,04, whose code name is “Feisty Fawn�. This launching included a replacement of the demon init Upstart call, as well as improvements in the use of the memory of software as Evolution and Nautilus. In addition it included GNOME 2.18.1, Mozilla Firefox, 2,2, Xorg 7,2, GCC 4.1.1, and version 2.6.20 of the Linux nucleus.

As in the previous launchings, Feisty allows the direct update from a previous version. The update from version 6.10 is not realised of automatic way, reason why it is required of a special commando to activate Update Manager. Other methods, as dist-upgrade (a characteristic of apt-get), are not recommended; some users reported serious problems in the process.

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